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Waste Management : Challenges and Solutions in India

While we are focusing on Air pollution,Sound pollution etc. there is a major thing to concern about which is lagging behind: Waste(Unwanted or unuseful materials which are discarded discarded after use),So you must be thinking that there is nothing to worry about this ,Let’s have a look on this in a detailed way…

India is a country having world’s  Second largest population in world and as a result is one of the major waste producers in whole world .Every Indian on an average produces 400 gms of waste everyday & in a year we produce approx 620 lakh tonnes of garbage as product(this list does not includes E-waste & hazardous wastes), this list includes 56 lakh tonnes of plastics and 2 lakh tonnes of biomedical waste,out of 620 lakhs tonnes of waste only 430 lakh tonnes  waste is collected and the other 190 lakh tonnes lies in roads,rivers & other places around the country,the most surprising fact comes now in picture that out of these 620 lakh tonnes waste collected only 20-30% is treated,yes you read it right,only 20-30% which is a very small amount, now you must be thinking what happens with the other major part of waste which is approx 40-50% ,So here comes the major point upon which we should think ,Municipal corporations just throws the waste to dumping grounds ,now let’s see scenario of India’s Capital &  a metropolitan city New Delhi.

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Everyday 9,500 metric tonnes of waste is collected in Delhi  out of which 20-30% waste is treated ,there are total 4 dumping grounds in delhi out of which 3 have already crossed the capacity of holding wastes 10-12 years ago, and this is leading to major pollution by producing methane gas which contributes 14% in global warming & also liquid affluents are produced which pollutes groundwater frequently and also leads to more than twenty types of diseases.Researches done in this field says that if we will not control our this act of dumping waste than by 2047 whole delhi will be under garbage…

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So what’s the solution??? What our government is doing on such a serious topic??.indian Government already made certain changes in law but that is of no use.So it’s time to learn from Cities like Mysuru  which has achieved 100 per cent door-to-door collections and 80 per cent of its garbage is segregated before being processed,also this city has monetized it’s waste fully , so other cities have to “Clean it like Mysuru”. & the most basic thing is that people have to change their attitude of throwing waste here and there  also they should be trained so that they can learn the difference between biodegradable,non-biodegradable and hazardous wastes….

Be ready for the change otherwise face the consequences…